Ludmilla Aristilde

Ludmilla Aristilde

Ludmilla Aristilde

Associate Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering and (by courtesy) Chemical and Biological Engineering
Faculty Fellow, Center for Synthetic Biology
University of Minnesota

Multi-Omics Investigation of Carbon Flux Networks in Environmental Bacteria of Biotechnological Relevance

Abstract:

Biological conversion of organic wastes into valuable products represents an important component of a sustainable energy portfolio towards decreasing our reliance on petroleum-based chemical production. Critical to this effort is a fundamental understanding of the metabolic networks that control carbon utilization by environmental bacteria, which provide an array of potential biological platforms to develop new chassis for biotechnological targets.

Dr Aristilde and her team has developed 13C-metabolomics approaches coupled with other omics techniques to unravel the metabolic flux networks in bacterial species isolated from soils, plant roots, and wastewater streams. We combine high-resolution fingerprinting of metabolites and metabolic reactions with genome-based predictions, proteomics analyses, and fluxomics modeling.

This walk will present multi-omics investigations to obtain new insights on the metabolic mechanisms underlying carbon flux routing in Pseudomonas putida, Priestia megaterium (formerly known as Bacillus megaterium), and Comamonas testosteroni. Guiding principles to identify target pathway candidates for metabolic engineering will also be highlighted. 

Sean Elliot

Sean Elliot

Sean Elliot
Boston University

3:30 September 22, 2022
239 Gortner
Reception to follow

Redox Enzymes of Carbon Transformation, through an electrochemical lens

Abstract:

This seminar will use iron-sulfur cluster proteins and enzymes as examples to illustrate how a far-ranging series of redox-active metalloproteins can be examined through an electrochemical lens, to understand the role that specific redox couples play in complex enzymatic mechanisms and biological pathways. The main focus will be the impact and interplay of ferredoxin — small, ubiquitous iron-sulfur cluster redox relays — upon the function of members of the oxo-acid:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (OFOR) enzyme superfamily will be discussed. OFORs are essential players in the carbon cycle, and are considered to be reversible enzymes. However, like hydrogenases and other reversible enzymes, the design features that nature has employed to modulate the ‘bias’ of reactive toward either oxidation or reduction is unclear. And, like hydrogenases, understanding the redox couples of OFORs has proven challenging historically. Here, a combination of electrochemical and spectroscopic studies will be presented as a series of OFOR enzymes from varying biological sources and pathways will be compared and contrasted.

Art Edison

Art Edison

Fixen Lab

University of Minnesota

3:30 p.m. October 27 | Amundson 151D

‘Fix-ing’ to understand electron flow in a purple non-sulfur bacterium

Bacteria are promising biocatalysts for the production of biofuels and bioproducts because they can tap into sources of energy that we are still struggling to use (e.g. plant biomass, sunlight, and waste streams), and the ATP and electrons generated from metabolizing these sources can power metabolic pathways that produce energy-rich
compounds.

Anaerobic bacteria and archaea, in particular, have evolved diverse ways of managing electron flow to pathways that often naturally result in the release of compounds like butanol, ethanol, methane, hydrogen, etc. Understanding mechanisms that control electron flow is necessary to get these organisms to produce more of these com-
pounds.

In the Fixen lab, we are working to understand electron flow in the anoxygenic phototroph, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, by:

1.characterizing components of electron transfer and factors that determine their interactions;

2.) understanding how these components are regulated by environmental factors; and

3.) identifying and characterizing new pathways that can use these electrons to make valuable compounds.

By understanding how R. palustris controls electron flow, we hope to find new ways to divert more electrons down pathways that generate energy-rich compounds.

Bio & Tech Innovation Flash Talks

Bio & Tech Innovation Flash Talks

Bio-and-Tech-Flash-Talks

Bio & Tech Innovation Flash Talks

The Bio & Tech Innovation (BTI) Series is a seminar series led by graduate students and postdocs to foster career development in industrial applications and academic research in biotechnology-related fields.
Flash Talks and Social Hour
– Director’s Introduction (by Claudia Schmidt-Dannert)
– Flash Talk session
– Social Hour (food and drinks)

Pizza and refreshments will be served on a first-come, first-served basis.

FRIDAY, APR. 29  |  12:00-1:30 PM CST  |  CARGILL 105  |  HYBRID SEMINAR
TO JOIN REMOTELY, GO TO: http://umn.zoom.us/j/5522838109

Ben Shen

Ben Shen

BTI Ben Shen

Ben Shen

Scripps

Website
Leveraging a large microbial strain collection for natural products studies

Scripps Florida houses one of the world’s largest actinobacterial strain collections, totaling >125,00 strains. These strains were isolated over the last eight decades and from 69 different countries, spanning at least 88 different genera. A natural products library (NPL) has also been constructed, consisting of 46,031 crude extracts, 28,739 partially purified fractions, and 650 pure NPs, which were made from 14,635 actinobacterial strains.

Current effort has been focused on sequencing the strain collection to establish the Natural Products Genomics Resource Center (NPGRC) for the broad scientific community.

Selected studies will be presented to highlight how to leverage the strain collection, the NPL, the NPGRC database, and the associated enabling technologies to transform the current paradigms of microbial natural product discovery and how to exploit this unique natural products resource to target emerging biology and accelerate drug discovery.

THURSDAY  I  APR. 28  I  3:30-4:30 PM CST  I  HYBRID SEMINAR
TO JOIN REMOTELY, GO TO: Z.UMN.EDU/BTI-2022-SPRING-SEMINARS

Michi Taga

Michi Taga

Michi Taga

University of California, Berkeley

Website
Corrinoids in Communities: Nutrient sharing in the microbial world

Microbial communities inhabit nearly all environments on earth. These communities are often composed of hundreds or more species that form networks of metabolic interactions.

Because metabolic interactions are complex and difficult to study at a molecular level, my research focuses on interactions involving one family of metabolites — corrinoid cofactors — as a model to understand metabolic interactions among bacteria. Corrinoids are the vitamin B12 family of cobalt-containing metabolites that function as enzyme cofactors in the majority of organisms. Corrinoids, like many other metabolites, are synthesized by only a fraction of bacteria that use them, but unlike other metabolites are a structurally diverse group of cofactors.

We have found that addition of particular corrinoids to communities derived from soil and from the human gut can alter the bacterial composition, leading to the exciting possibility that corrinoids may be used to manipulate microbiomes.

THURSDAY  I  APR. 14  I  3:30-4:30 PM CST  I  HYBRID SEMINAR
TO JOIN REMOTELY, GO TO: Z.UMN.EDU/BTI-2022-SPRING-SEMINARS